Good News on the Renwable/ Solar Energy Front

Thanks to Tamino at Open Mind for posting about Yale Climate Forums video on the state of renewable energy.

Mauna Loa CO2 Concentration Exceeds 400 ppm in May, 2014

“The late renowned scientist, Charles David Keeling, , began keeping daily measurements of atmospheric carbon at Mauna Loa in 1958ma and his record is known as the “Keeling Curve”” – Daily KOS 

I have been tracking the Mauna Loa CO2 levels with this chart in this blog  sidebar for several years. The May, 2014 monthly CO2 level crossed the 400 ppm threshold for the first time at Mauna Loa since keeling started CO2 observations their in 1958,  so I decided to show CO trend in full size.

CO2_May_2014

NASA climate scientists quotes on crossing 400 ppm CO2 level (Link)

El Nino – Major Global Force

As a climate enthusiast, I am fascinated with El Nino – L Nina, how it works and its role on global weather patterns.  I will be collecting various web based images – charts on El Nino – La Nina that I find helpful in understanding this force of nature.  I’ll keep them on my new El Nino Basics page.

 

Animation of Walker circulation – Australian Bureau of Meteorology  (Link)

 

Nino 3.4 SST Anomaly  and Southern Oscillation Index (Link)

 

NOAA: ESRL – PSD Longitudinal SST Anomaly Since 1995 (Link)

Notice how -10S to 10N warmed and cooled since 1985, major warmup in 1998 El Nino.

 

 

 

 

Advance of Southwest Monsoon – India meteorological   Department (Link)

Latest NOAA Daily SST Anomaly

NOAA’s  latest Daily Sea Surface Temperature (SST)  Map. Link
                              Click image to see full size

Nino 3.4 Anomaly Continues to Increase

nino34

“The Niño3.4 SST anomaly index is an indicator of central tropical Pacific El Niño conditions. It is calculated with SSTs in the box 170°W – 120°W, 5°S – 5°N.”  NOAA -State of the Ocean Climate

Nino34

NOAA’s weekly data file since January, 1990 is here.

Nino3.4  continues to increase, indicating that we are heading for an El Nino event. The impact of an El Nino can be significant to global temperatures, 1998 for example.  It is to early to tell whether 2014 will see a significant El Nino like 1998 or just a minor event.

Tracking El Nino Forecasts

nino34

 

Anthony Barnston: Chief Forecaster – International Research Institute for Climate and Society (5/15/14)

 

Kevin Trenberth: 

(5/12/14)

(4/18/14) 

 

NOAA : Weekly ENSO Update

 

Robert Scribbler

6/2/24: 

May Likely to Break Global High Temperature Record as El Nino Conditions Strengthen in Pacific

This gif shows progression of warm water across equatorial Pacific with weekly profiles of ocean water temperature anomaly. X axis is longitude and Y axis is ocean water depth – meters. Warm water is progressing from west to east and rising. As warm water rises to surface, it releases ocean heat to the atmosphere.

5/22/14 Global Sea Surface Temperatures Increase to Extraordinary +1.25 C Anomaly as El Nino Tightens Grip on Pacific

5/16/14 Deep Ocean Warming Coming Back to haunt us 

3/25/14 Monster El Nino Emerging From the Depths

 Dr. Jeff Masters

(5/12/14)

 

David Appell – Quark Soup

5/13/13

El Nino Forecast for Summer 2014 Looking Stronger

WSI Blog has a post by Dr. Todd Crawford that forecasts a strong El Nino later this summer. Based on analogs, he anticipates that it could be comparable to the mega El Ninos of 1997-98.

elnino

 

The 1997-98 El Nino event had a major impact on global temperature anomaly trends.  A major 2014-2015 El Nino could provide strong evidence in the “gloabal warming stopped in 1998″  debate.